Kana 1-3 Hiragana Part 2

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1-3 Hiragana Part 2

Great job learning the 46 hiragana characters! In this lesson, we cover modified syllables and extended consonant syllables.

What?! There’s more?! Don’t worry, you will find this lesson a breeze. Why? Because you already know all these characters from Lesson 1-2!

Even if “modified syllables” and “extended consonant syllables” sound academic, they are just different ways of combining consonants and extending the usage of existing characters.

Extended consonant syllables / Voiced consonants

By adding two dots or a circle to the top right hand side of certain characters, you can change how they sound:

  • か –> が
  • は –> ば
  • は –> ぱ

The two dots and circle are known as diacritics. Japanese has two diacritics and they are the same for hiragana and katakana.

You can refer to 0:00-1:55 of this video for an explanation.

 

To listen to the pronunciation of these characters, just scroll down to the second half of the hiragana chart on JapaneseUp, and hover your mouse over the characters.

hiragana voiced consonants

Modified syllables / Contracted sounds

By placing a small や, ゆ or よ next to certain hiragana characters, you can also form new sounds:

  • き + ゃ = きゃ
  • み + ゅ = みゅ
  • ぴ + ょ = ぴょ

This combination works the same way for katakana. You can refer to 3:35-4:47 of this video for an explanation.

 

To listen to the pronunciation of these characters, just scroll down to the second half of the hiragana chart on JapaneseUp, and hover your mouse over the characters.

hiragana contracted sounds

1-3-1 Hiragana が Row

Please learn the characters ‘ga’ to ‘go’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

が ga

ぎ gi

ぐ gu

げ ge

ご go

1-3-2 Hiragana ざ Row

Please learn the characters ‘za’ to ‘zo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

ざ za

じ ji

ず zu

ぜ ze

ぞ zo

1-3-3 Hiragana だ Row

Please learn the characters ‘da’ to ‘do’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

だ da

ぢ di

づ du

で de

ど do

1-3-4 Hiragana ば and ぱ Rows

Please learn the characters ‘ba’ to ‘bo’ and ‘pa’ to ‘po’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

ば ba

び bi

ぶ bu

べ be

ぼ bo

ぱ pa

ぴ pi

ぷ pu

ぺ pe

ぽ po

1-3-5 Hiragana きゃ and ぎゃ Rows

Please learn the characters ‘kya’ to ‘kyo’ and ‘gya’ to ‘gyo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

きゃ kya

きゅ kyu

きょ kyo

ぎゃ gya

ぎゅ gyu

ぎょ gyo

1-3-6 Hiragana しゃ and じゃ Rows

Please learn the characters ‘sha’ to ‘sho’ and ‘ja’ to ‘jo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

しゃ sha

しゅ shu

しょ sho

じゃ ja

じゅ ju

じょ jo

1-3-7 Hiragana りゃ Row

Please learn the characters ‘rya’ to ‘ryo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

りゃ rya

りゅ ryu

りょ ryo

1-3-8 Hiragana みゃ Row

Please learn the characters ‘mya’ to ‘myo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

みゃ mya

みゅ myu

みょ myo

1-3-9 Hiragana ひゃ, びゃ and ぴゃ Rows

Please learn the characters ‘hya’ to ‘hyo’, ‘bya’ to ‘byo’ and ‘pya’ to ‘pyo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

ひゃ hya

ひゅ hyu

ひょ hyo

びゃ bya

びゅ byu

びょ byo

ぴゃ pya

ぴゅ pyu

ぴょ pyo

1-3-10 Hiragana にゃ Row

Please learn the characters ‘nya’ to ‘nyo’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

にゃ nya

にゅ nyu

にょ nyo

1-3-11 Hiragana ちゃ Row

Please learn the characters ‘cha’ to ‘cho’.

Take a piece of paper and pen, write out everything yourself to master the stroke order and memorize the hiragana characters.

ちゃ cha

ちゅ chu

ちょ cho

1-3-12 Hiragana Quiz

Are you sure you’ve memorized all the hiragana characters correctly? 

Play this hiragana review game to test your memory

Please note that this is a timed game with no option to pause.